THE STORY OF DAVID AND GOLIATH
Trusting God and Using the Stones He’s Given You
He alone is my rock and my salvation;
He is my fortress, I will not be shaken.
You will find the story of David and Goliath in the book of 1 Samuel. Please read
1 Samuel 17.
Some points of interest to remind the children of:
-This story is found in the Old Testament.
-The Israelites were God’s chosen people. They lived in the mountains
and hills of
-The Philistines were the enemies of the Israelites and of God. They
believed in lots of gods and they did lots of evil things. They lived across
the valley from the
Israelites near the
very powerful and very technologically advanced.
-The Israelites and the Philistines had gathered across from one another
on some hills with the valley separating them to fight a battle.
-Goliath was the champion warrior for the Philistines. He was over nine
feet tall and he wore a lot of armor and carried many weapons.
-He wore a bronze helmet
-He wore a scale armor of bronze weighing 125 pounds
-He wore a type of armor on his legs
-He had a bronze javelin (a large stick) on his back
-He had a spear with an iron point that weighed 15 pounds
-He had a shield that was carried by his shield bearer who went
ahead of him
-For forty days, Goliath had come to the front line of the Philistine army
and yelled insults at the Israelites. As was sometimes done in battles,
Goliath called for a warrior from the Israelite army to come and fight him.
By fighting this way, the lives of many soldiers were spared. However,
the army represented by the warrior who was killed would become
slaves to the army of the warrior who won.
-Whenever the Israelite army heard this, they and their king, Saul, were
“dismayed and terrified”.
-David was not a soldier in the Israelite army, but the youngest son of
Jesse. He lived just outside
-One day, Jesse asked David to go to his brothers in the Israelite army,
check on them and take them some food.
-The next day, David did as his father had asked. As he got to the
Israelite camp, about twelve miles away, the men were just taking their
positions to hear Goliath cry out again.
-David found his brothers and greeted them. As he listened to Goliath,
David was greatly offended that someone would speak this way to the
army of the living God.
-David talked with a number of the Israelite soldiers and learned that
whoever defeated Goliath would receive great wealth and would marry
the king’s daughter.
-When David’s older brother heard about David and his questions, he
became very angry with him. But when word of David and his
questions reached King Saul, the king sent for him.
-David told Saul that he would fight the Philistine. Saul could not believe
that a young shepherd boy would presume to think he could fight the
-David told him of the many times God had saved him from the attacks of
wild animals while he was watching over his father’s flocks. David was
sure that just as God had delivered him from danger then, God would do
-So Saul sent David to meet Goliath, loaded down with his own armor.
Because only Saul had armor (the Israelites did not know how to make
their own weapons and armor – the Philistines had this knowledge and
kept it a secret), there was not smaller set that David could wear. It was
too big and too heavy for such a small boy, so David left it in the field. He
went forward with only his shaft (his shepherd’s stick) and his sling.
-As he passed a stream, he stopped and picked up five smooth stones
and put them in his shepherd’s bag and continued toward Goliath.
-Goliath also continued walking toward David and as he got closer, he
realized that David was only a boy. This insulted Goliath; that such
a young, small boy would come to fight him. He began yelling insults
at David – “Am I a dog, that you come at me with sticks?” Then he told
David that he would soon be feeding him to the birds and animals.
-David said to Goliath, “You come against me with sword and spear and
javelin, but I come against you in the name of the LORD Almighty, the
God of the armies of
will have you over to me, and I’ll strike you down and cut off your hear.
Today…the whole world will know that there is
a God in
gathered here will know that it is not by sword or spear that the LORD
saves; for the battle is the LORD’s and he will give all of you into our
-As the two moved closer to each other, David ran quickly toward Goliath,
took a stone from his bag, put it into his sling and slung it, hitting Goliath
on the head. The giant fell dead to the ground.
-David then took Goliath’s own sword and cut off his head.
-When the Philistines saw what had happened they turned and ran
quickly back to their cities.
-When the Israelites saw what had happened, they let out a mighty
yell and began running after the Philistines, killing many of them
along the way.
Following are some key themes and teaching points to use with the children. These themes should be reinforced as often as possible as they travel to each class.
-Our size or age does not matter to God. He can work with and through
David was very young and probably not too big. But he had faith in God
and in the abilities God had given him, so he trusted that it did not matter.
-God gives each of us special gifts and talents that can be used for Him.
Each of us has our own God-given stones. Ask the children what are
some things that they are good at. These are gifts that God has given
them. We may think that our stones are small and not worth much, but
as we saw with David, it doesn’t matter how small the stones are, or
how small we are. If we trust God, He will protect us and use us.
-God is bigger than our fear.
The Israelite army was afraid of Goliath. He was bigger and louder and
meaner and he had more weapons. But then David showed up. And
he was smaller and had even fewer weapons than the Israelite soldiers.
But he knew God was bigger than anything. Sometimes we are afraid.
But if we turn to God and talk to Him about our fear and trust Him, He will
-Let other people know what you know about God.
God wanted to use the Israelites to show the world about him. But the
Israelites were afraid. But then David came to the battle. He was angry
that Goliath would speak out against God and God’s army. David told
Goliath and everyone else that was there – “…the whole world will
know that there is a God in
God wants to use us too. He wants people today to know Him. What
are some ways that we can help others to know that there is a God here